References – The 3 Best Sources of Choline

  1. Office of dietary supplements – choline. https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Choline-HealthProfessional/
  2. Mun JG, Legette LL, Ikonte CJ, Mitmesser SH. Choline and dha in maternal and infant nutrition: synergistic implications in brain and eye health. Nutrients. 2019;11(5):1125.
  3. Wallace TC, Blusztajn JK, Caudill MA, et al. Choline: the underconsumed and underappreciated essential nutrient. Nutr Today. 2018;53(6):240-253.Réhault-Godbert S, Guyot N, Nys Y. The golden egg: nutritional value, bioactivities, and emerging benefits for human health. Nutrients. 2019;11(3):684.Smolders L, de Wit NJW, Balvers MGJ, Obeid R, Vissers MMM, Esser D. Natural choline from egg yolk phospholipids is more efficiently absorbed compared with choline bitartrate; outcomes of a randomized trial in healthy adults. Nutrients. 2019;11(11):2758.
  4. Fooddata central. https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/1098653/nutrients
  5. Zeisel SH, da Costa K-A. Choline: an essential nutrient for public health. Nutrition Reviews. 2009;67(11):615-623.
  6. Wu BT, Dyer RA, King DJ, Innis SM. Low fish intake is associated with low blood concentrations of vitamin D, choline and n-3 DHA in pregnant women. Br J Nutr. 2013;109(5):936-943.